get a Gieger counter NOW …. you can get cheap ones that will do well enough that plug into the audio jack of a cell phone .. and cost under $35.
Decide whether you will bug in and convert a basement room into a bunker, or setup a bug out fall out shelter far from your home either way Continue reading Nuclear War and Pandemic Survival tips
Link to importance of concrete
Concrete has made building what it is today
Make sure you can partly improvise concrete it will help build fortifications and is paramount in the rebuilding of law and order.
Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world because it is a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco and most non-specialty grout. It usually originates from limestone. It is a fine powder produced by grinding clinker (more than 90%), a limited amount of calcium sulfate (which controls the set time).
Portland cement clinker is made by heating, in a kiln, a mixture of raw materials to a sintering temperature of about 1450 °C for modern cements. The aluminium oxide and iron oxide are present as a flux and contribute little to the strength. The major raw material for the clinker-making is usually limestone (CaCO3) mixed with a second material containing clay as source of alumino-silicate.
Normally, an impure limestone which contains clay or SiO2 is used. The CaCO3 content of these limestones can be as low as 80%. Second raw materials (materials in the rawmix other than limestone) depend on the purity of the limestone. Some of the second raw materials used are clay, shale, sand, iron ore, bauxite, fly ash and slag. When a cement kiln is fired by coal, the ash of the coal acts as a secondary raw material.
Skills will be the most saleable of items should SHTF
Skills and manual labor form the back bone of modern society although many would deny this.
Now is the time to learn a skill.
Continue reading Post SHTF means of trade
links to micro hydro generators
Micro hydro is a sustainable energy system that takes us back to the time of the water wheel —
Electric lighting is still the most efficient way to produce light, converting mechanical energy into light is one of the most important developments in human history, lengthening the time people can work , as there is light to work by, and effectively making us more efficient as a species.
Electrical lighting is safer than candles and provides a cleaner and more steady light and doesn’t burn anything, it is also available at the flick of a switch and from a distance, gas lighting and other methods of lighting have many flaws when compared to this .
If used for nothing other then lighting, electrical systems are a very good candidate for hydro power, as it is constant and predictable.
Hydro-power i.e water wheels should be used directly, with gearing, if mechanical energy is needed, (like to run a mill, or lath , or bellows for a forge) as losses in generators are quite large especially in improvised ones, unless power is needed far from water and then you have no choice but to run cables, and use generators. This should be avoided, if possible.
But it is my opinion that using water to power electrical lighting is the best way to do lighting
When we formulate plans for survival we often forget that the corner-stone of every civilization is agriculture.
De-evolving into a hunter-gather state is not sustainable, as food stocks within an area soon wither with large populations doing hunting and our ancestors acknowledged this and so developed farming to allow the food to “come to them”, allowing themselves time to do other things like develop technology and arts, learn and develop written and other military skills.
We should all learn from this, hunting takes way more time and effort than farming, and the yields in farming often create a surplus for trade, this allows division of labour and allows specialization making you better at what you do…
Continue reading The greatest step in human evolution was and is agriculture
Hedging is surprisingly simple and our ancestors understood the advantages of a natural barrier –
Hedging, if done correctly, can provide fruit, a thick barrier of thorn ridden, and foothold free cover, that weapons can be fired through,
difficult to climb as it is something thats outside yields but inside is solid. they can also contain hidden razor wire fences.
Continue reading Plant a Hedge to provide a light barrier when fences are not availible
Uses for PVC Conduit
This is a just a few of my idea’s surrounding pcv conduit
1. A good bow and arrow can be made
2. Can be used to make structures like chicken coups and greenhouses
3. Pedal carts for kids can be made with this
4. As a base for working with fiberglass
5. ground up can be added to black powder to make smoke bombs
6. Fencing support for hedges
7. Shafts for spears. Fishing poles
Star forts as i have discussed before seem a logical progression for protecting your community should things degrade to that level.
Fortification plan of Coevorden, laid out in a radial pattern within polygonal fortifications and extensive outer earthworks as reconstructed in the early seventeenth century by Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange
The predecessors of star fortifications were medieval fortresses, usually placed on high hills. From there, arrows were shot at the enemies, and the higher the fortress was, the further the arrows flew. The enemies’ hope was to either ram the gate or climb over the wall with ladders and overrun the defenders. For the invading force, these fortifications proved quite difficult to overcome. Therefore, fortresses occupied a key position in warfare.
When the newly effective maneuverable siege cannon came into military strategy in the fifteenth century, the response from military engineers was to arrange for the walls to be embedded into ditches fronted by earthen slopes so that they could not be attacked by destructive direct fire and to have the walls topped by earthen banks that absorbed and largely dissipated the energy of plunging fire. Where conditions allowed, as in Fort Manoel in Malta, the ditches were cut into the native rock, and the wall at the inside of the ditch was simply unquarried native rock. As the walls became lower, they also became more vulnerable to assault.
Worse yet, the rounded shape that had previously been dominant for the design of turrets created “dead space”, or “dead” zones (see figure), which were relatively sheltered from defending fire, because direct fire from other parts of the walls could not be directed around the curved wall. To prevent this, what had previously been round or square turrets were extended into diamond-shaped points to give storming infantry no shelter. The ditches and walls channeled attacking troops into carefully constructed killing grounds where defensive cannons could wreak havoc on troops attempting to storm the walls, with emplacements set so that the attacking troops had no place to shelter from the defensive fire.
Continue reading Star Fortresses
Some technology of yester-year that is not very well know is that of hot plug engines.
These engines use a system similar to long stroke diesel engines and but do not develop the pressure that normal diesel engines do and so require a “hot” plug to be heated to ignite the fuel ,
these engines were common in tractors in the 1890’s and so on, until diesel engines were more reliable.
Wiki info on hot plug / bulb engines
This technology is interesting to us because it requires less precise machining
These engines were slow running (300-400 RPM) and mostly with cast iron parts including pistons,
the engine uses a carburettor because the charge only ignites when the mixture is compressed into the bulb .
A big attraction with the hot-bulb engine was its ability to run on a wide range of fuels. Even poor-burning fuels could be used since a combination of vaporiser- and compression-ignition meant that such fuels could be made to combust. The usual fuel used was fuel oil, similar to modern-day diesel, but natural gas, kerosene, paraffin, crude oil, vegetable oil or creosote could also be used.
Compared with steam, petrol, and diesel engines, hot-bulb engines are simpler and therefore have fewer potential problems. There is no electrical system, as found on a petrol engine, and no external boiler and steam system as on a steam engine.
link to buying fingerling’s for Tilapia in Gauteng
Get your fingerling’s and start now farming Tilapia – best parts are they grow fast and are not restricted in urban area’s, so long as you can get a pond going you can have live stock .. even if its just a bath tub size fish farm and some lettuce making up an aquaphonics system.
Today i went to the local pick and pay – they were selling frozen tilapia , very interesting me thinks, first time i have seen it commercially available ready to eat, so i got some, lets see how good they are,
some more info go here
(update) the fish was ok … Pretty tasteless … But pleasant …. Price doubled over night … It was 35 a kg next time we went it was 65 … Way too much …
Simple items can be constructed by using corrugated cardboard covered in resin and possibly in fiber glass if more strength is required – remember resin is poisonous so get a good mask before trying this.
Continue reading Using resin and cardboard for construction – Improvised magazines, trailers and other things.
The sun is getting hotter with every passing year and an umbrella makes more sense to carry every time i go out
the umbrella my look silly to some but as a weapon in the right hands it has few equals it forms a good club or an eskrima stick
Continue reading Umbrella survival tool
One of my favorite options for a bugging out vehicle is the URAL side car motorcycle
this is very mobile on and off road,and can be pushed should it need to be by its crew, it can maneuver on foot paths and uses very little fuel but can carry a large number of people and equipment for its size, making it an ideal savaging and scouting vehicle, it can effectively be used for raiding and very mobile warfare.
high tailer go anywhere vehicle 1967
Continue reading SHTF transport Bug out vehical considerations
hybrid airship post SHTF for all the steam punks out there
On a less serious note the best and simplest form of air travel would be the use of a hybrid type aircraft consisting of a semi rigid hot air balloon in the shape of a lozenge , but with small stub wings attached to provide lift …
the simplest engine to build would be the Lockwood-Hiller valveless pulse jet this could also provide the heat for the hot air, as it gets so hot.
Here are some engine idea’s