Category Archives: Survival

History channel alone season 6


Here is what I would take if I were invited :

Let’s hope they open it to international people, I’d go in a heart beat,

here are the 10 items I would take – depending on the location

1. Sleep bag -15 centigrade depends On location and season

2. Kukri – Smith and Wesson outback bush hog – its what I have,¬† don’t judge

3. Ferro-rod, of course.

4. Thick Wire, 16 gauge high carbon steel/ high tensile steel ( about 88m of it in the allowed 3.5lbs /1.6kg’s ) for trapping making hooks, nails, springs for traps and other stuff.

5. Hammock – large double net type Home-made from para-cord if they would allow it, it is a hidden source of cordage.

6. Rations -2.2 kg /5lb’s of Biltong as I’m a South African – but considering Pemmican as it has more calories

7. Multi-tool – Leatherman Rebar

8. Dutch oven Pot and lid – 2quarts/ 1.9 liters

9. Saw- large cross cut bow saw

10. Cold steel Spetznaz spade

So one thing you will probably

You would notice is no axe, the saw should do the big work and the Kukri is perfect for battening wood to split, the leatherman will do the rest and it’s got more then one blade and a file to sharpen tools with.

The pot lid is also a good shallow pan.

The pot is nearly indestructible.

the ferro-rod is a no-brainer

The hammock can be used as a hammock, but can also provide loads of cordage if required, and isn’t bad to sleep in, and I can use parts of it to catch birds and fish with if i break it down and reweave some of the strands.

The wire is good for snares and for making traps, making nails and tying things up. Improvising hooks with cord from the hammock for fishing, arrow points and fishing Spear points, I’d go with a high carbon steel so it can be fire hardened by quenching.

The spade is good in managing fire and for splitting wood, digging scat holes, digging for bait, digging turf in grasslands for walls and fire and digging out traps elsewhere .

The Kukri I just like … I prefer them over smaller axes

first thing i would do is scout the area … and find the best spot possible.. that why I would take the rations, setup a temporary shelter each day and move around till I found evidence of game and the best fishing / hunting spots.

Then I would first build a simple drag travois https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Travois

To carry all the gear and move it to the best area … somewhere not so close to the water and further up cause it’s generally warmer.

Then assess from there

I’d build more then one “lodge” if possible and move between the two as trapping and fishing allowed, and move between them as food stocks dwindled.

I would essentially try to be nomadic.

again this is all dependent on the area and season. ūüėČ

 

My new “Smith and Wesson Bush Hog Outback Kukri” review


I just got my new “Smith and Wesson” bush hog Outback Kukri

and can’t wait to test it out.

Pro’s :

  • Its considered a machette kukri but I,m not so sure — its blade is super thick and its ground better then a cheap machette version
  • Its got a nice ground bevel edge from the spine down to the edge so it will be easy to sharpen.
  • its heavy but not excessively so that I wouldn’t carry it in the bush
  • its got a lanyard hole .. I already fitted my own lanyard
  • its pretty sharp out the box
  • its pretty good value for money Paid $30US on e-bay
  • hard steel should hold an edge well
  • coating is very thick and should hold up well to abuse

Con’s:

  • the retention on the sheath isn’t great.
  • the blade seams a little hard/ brittle for chopping , may break

overall great value and very happy .. let see how it holds up to abuse.

 

New Dutch oven


Hey guys

Just got my new Dutch oven … can’t wait to break it in , it weighs about 3 kgs and hold about 1,8L of liquid , perfect for a small family of 4 ,

its much lighter than my older potjie, but its also way smaller in volume. Its¬† nice to have both but this one is much more … mobile .

Its got a great handle that stands on its own, and has a spring around so that it doesn’t burn your hand. but lacks the three feet and the round bottom of a traditional potjie pot.

It has a lid that can hold coals , and be flipped over and used as a pan, as it is slightly domed.

all in I’m very happy with the purchase .

it was about $30 US  including delivery.

Anyway here is a pic

Boat bug out


I have long contemplated using a boat as a bug out transport vehicle , as i now live near the ocean, this is a real option.

this should really read, “using a boat as a bug out location for the short term”

Boats have some obvious advantages:

  • They can generally hold quite a bit of gear, large boats can carry very heavy loads
  • They may move slowly but they have no need to go off road,
  • water covers a large amount of the earth and often contains a large amount of wild life that can be harvested,
  • They can be powered by the wind
  • They don’t require much technology, but can be enhanced with it
  • Repairs to small craft are not difficult,
  • They can be very quiet,
  • They have good ranges,
  • can use steam engines, Stirling engines, and low grade fuels.
  • navigation by sun and stars is well established and can be revived.

and some disadvantages:

  • Affected by weather,
  • Slow, when wind powered,
  • Obvious at a range,
  • Can be expensive to buy and maintain,
  • Relatively easy targets for Pirates
  • Limited to coastal areas,
  • a home port, with resupply is still required,
  • not all vessels are created equal – size and crew have a big baring on range,

The most important crop you can grow


If I were to ask you what the most important crop you can grow is. what would your answer be?

Some might say maze, but maze doesn’t produce much and is quite difficult to grow¬† in small spaces, if you have a few hectares of land maze isn’t a bad option. It is portable and requires very little preparation to eat, and is very dense,and who can forget the smell of fresh salted popcorn? they need good soil and need a full season to grow properly.
Continue reading The most important crop you can grow

Bullet Swagging


Hi Guys

Its been ages ,

been working on loads of things, one of them being Bullet swagging.

when i was still in ZA, I used cast 9mm bullets with Lee precision molds, and resize these with Lee resizing dies. I found these used to smoke when fired quite a bit from my Glock 19, even though they caused no leading.

I found out from a yourtube video how to coat these with an epoxy resin paint with hexan boron nitride powder added for lubrication and had very good results. The bullets smoked way less when fired even though it smelled a little like plastic burning, they were cheaper , I could reload for around 8 US cents a round, so i wasn’t bothered by the smell,

they were also just as accurate as jacketed virgin ammo, and caused no leading or any more fouling then normal.

After emigrating from ZA to New Zealand, i could no longer carry a hand gun, so on getting my firearms license here, I started reloading and casting but this time for .223 Remington.

I have gotten molds for .223 but haven’t been able to get enough tin and antimony to harden the scrap lead I’ve been able to find, so I’m a little nervous to use straight lead without a gas check, with just the coating even though it worked in 9mm.

I’ve been looking into Swagging .22 lr cases into jackets for .223, but the Corbin Dies I’ve found wont ship to NZ or are extremely expensive.

What I’m going to try and do is get a die maker locally to make me a set of dies and see how it goes, I’ll keep you all posted.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DBEIF D2016 Survival Mobile Phone


the Dual Flashlight, FM, Dual Sim, Power Bank, TV, Mobile Phone everyone should have in there bug out Gear,

I don’t really often do gear reviews but this one stands out for me as an epic buy for your bug out bag, get home bag, or earth quake pack ,

Firstly it replaces 5 main items in your bag.

Its a torch — with a pretty long battery life,

an FM radio, we should always have one of those in a disaster ,, and having this in one package makes it lighter and takes up less space. i dont think you should completely remove a spare from the pack but its way better then using a cell phone and has a separate button for turning it on and off,, way awesome

its water resistant and impact resistant, and that equals heavy.. not a bad thing.

,It has a removable ¬†battery , so a spare can be carried, epic…
Continue reading DBEIF D2016 Survival Mobile Phone

Thinking about building some Tracks for my Car


When speaking with some of my friends from the 4×4 community, they were rather scathing of my choice of off road vehicle.

I have a 2001 RAV4 4WD as my hunting/general day to day car.
and apparently this isn’t very good in “real off-road” bashing

car

But, the thing is ..
I already own it.
Its paid off.
its in great condition and has done low mileage.
They are common as dirt and parts are still easy to get and cheap.
Its lighter on fuel than many others.

some down sides
no diff lock, only limited slip EBD/abs
not great ground clearance.
Tyres are more for road then off road as its in use mostly on road
Continue reading Thinking about building some Tracks for my Car

Surveillance of a homestead


Ultimately surveillance is about using ears and eyes to gather information about a possible enemy and your surroundings, to get forewarning, to give you the largest tactical advantage, to plan an ambush or evacuate with as much warning as possible.

Extending coverage of these senses gives a longer warning, and more time for reacting to, or preparing for, a security threat.

In a scenario where our security is left up to ourselves (Without rule of law or WROL) we need to find Continue reading Surveillance of a homestead

Nuclear War and Pandemic Survival tips


First off

get a Gieger counter NOW …. you can get cheap ones that will do well enough that plug into the audio jack of a cell phone¬† .. and cost under $35.

Decide whether you will  bug in and convert a basement room into a bunker, or setup a bug out fall out shelter far from your home either way Continue reading Nuclear War and Pandemic Survival tips

Are You Obsessed with Bug Out?


Do you have 5 bug out bags and keeps of bug out vehicles?

Ever wonder why you felt the need to do this?

I found one reason the other day …
the training manual for Nuclear survival from FEMA suggests that you should have them.

The main reason would be that, in case of nuclear war, you would need to move out of the cities to build a fall out shelter to survive, as Rural areas were less lightly to be bombed.

This seams to drive a lot of the arm chair warriors theory behind bug out.

Continue reading Are You Obsessed with Bug Out?

Lessons in First aid for Bullet Wounds during the past World Wars


Treating large Puncture wounds/shrapnel and bullet wounds  in the past was a rather difficult affair.

I went to the war museum the other day, and I paid careful attention to the past medical procedures, looking at how things were done in the past, because the more “low tech” you can go, the more sustainable your method will be.

what I noted was the following: Continue reading Lessons in First aid for Bullet Wounds during the past World Wars

Why you should buy a “Potjie Pot” or a three Legged Dutch Oven


Why should you buy a “Potjie Pot” or a three Legged Dutch Oven?

I finally had some time to put pen to paper ( or finger to keyboard lol ) and give a little info why you should get one.

these are heavy three-legged cast iron pots used in south africa to cook food …

here is why you should get one and have it as a Bug in tool : Continue reading Why you should buy a “Potjie Pot” or a three Legged Dutch Oven

Maps


One very important prep that is often overlooked are good area maps on Paper …. everyone should maintain a map and you would be wise to create an overlay made of clear plastic with a permanent marker and a dry wipe marker with notes on areas on interest .

the local military bases,

Food supply caches ,

hardware stores ,

and civil services in your area …

Create a map using https://inkatlas.com and print it out — preferably in no more then 1:50000 resolution

 

Update: Inkatlas is no longer doing free maps like they used too ; ( but its still a great service and not too expensive

 

 

Trapping and Fishing vs Hunting


The progression from hunter/gatherer, to formal agriculture is a major reason for man’s success,

Hunting, however, is a great start when agriculture fails.

Hunting is a great sport but ultimately trapping and fishing are going to feed a family a lot for longer and with much less effort, as they multiply the effort of a single person and could provide for a surplus of food for trade.

Trapping of birds is the simplest of affairs, and ,while rather cruel,can be done with fish hooks and bait,

or possibly nets, and other falling traps, even mouse traps.

Continue reading Trapping and Fishing vs Hunting

Review of the Zebra Cooking kit


I bought this great little Kit for around US$6 a few months back — its SUPER solid — if a little Heavy … but it fits my bug out gear well … and my lunch .. and with having moved to New Zealand – with a threat of major earth quakes, its always good to know i have a solid cooking system in my bag .

How good is an Air rifle for long term Survival?


Air rifles are often seen as weak, and not very effective hunting weapons, and  while the smaller caliber modern air rifles ( under .25 ) are not great against human targets, they have some merit.

Firstly I’m talking exclusively about single shot spring / gas piston guns.

Air rifle pellets are cheap and light.

Air rifles are relatively cheap – but a cheap .22 rifle is still cheaper, and a good powerful air rifle will be much more expensive.

Continue reading How good is an Air rifle for long term Survival?

Its time for an update on NZ


Hi Everyone

Its been ages since I found the time to Blog, so here goes.

Life here is very different to what I am used to, but not in a bad way.

Loads less crime, and first world problems, no loads shedding, but the cost of food is astronomical, compared to South Africa.

a meal at the Mac Donalds will set you back around R100 a head.

Essentially there are no big malls, but the city is like one big mall. a real change from JHB.

Continue reading Its time for an update on NZ

Bugged out


ho guys it’s been a while but it’s mainly cause I’ve bugged out … I’m sitting in New Zealand … A 10 year plan in the making … Family to follow in the next few weeks … Missing them excessively and ready for the whole new adventure … I’ll pop in from time to time but prepping here is a whole different ball game and I have much to learn .. When I get a chance I’ll write an article about the process of leaving my home behind for new pastures

Load shedding – off the grid


I’m going to try very hard not to complain or rant…

Preparing for planned power outages over the last few years has meant I have bought a generator, and many smaller solar powered security devices, and the discussions at the office have lead to load shedding almost exclusively in the last few weeks…

lets face it , it sucks, and shouldn’t be necessary with some planning on the part of the publicly owned power providers, many guys are looking at solar,¬† inadvertent side effects of load shedding is that many are looking to go off grid now .and that’s good for business if you sell that sort of thing and its better for the planet ( well sort of ).
For private use, going off the grid, is actually quite easy, point solutions actually rain supreme, when it comes to cost, and scaling up. a bit of good planning goes a long way. Continue reading Load shedding Рoff the grid

Seed bombs


My first post for a long time.

Ive been very busy with many projects, tiling and loads of DIY at home and its also the Year end rush, at my day job, to get things done before year end , so I’ve been too busy to prep.

the general Idea with a seed bomb is to find all the open land in area’s around where you live and make an investment in your own survival, buy a bag of popcorn kernels, a bag of gem squash ( or a big pack of gem squash seed), a bag of broad beans ( or a big bag of Bean seeds), Continue reading Seed bombs

Solar cooking for SHTF


Hi all

I’m going to be building a solar cooker, it feels like a good idea.

I will never be able to grow enough wood or produce enough gas to boil water and cook food indefinitely,¬†the solution is¬†to use that for lighting and heating, and¬†use the sun for cooking. Its good for stealth, because it doesn’t smoke, the sun is very strong here in southern Africa so it should work well…

I’m going to get an old DSTV dish and coat it with foil as the reflector. that setup with a potjie or dutch oven which is already black , and I already use quite often … should make cooking simple…

I will post picks here when done .. as always

Sorghum Millet- grains for guerrilla gardening


Sorghum Millet- grains for guerrilla gardening

Hi Everyone

As some of you know, I often advocate responsible guerrilla gardening,

guerrilla gardening is planting on land that isn’t really yours – crops that someone can eat, that are not obvious to all, that are edible …

my favorite for jhb is pearl millet — or sorghum – they are really cheap – R20 a bag for 200g from these guys

www.sproutingseeds.co.za/products-page/other-seeds/millet-seeds/

Straight from Wiki

Sorghum bicolor,native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,¬†is an important crop worldwide, used for¬†food¬†(as grain and in¬†sorghum syrup or “sorghum molasses”),¬†fodder, the production of¬†alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. Most varieties are¬†drought- and heat-tolerant, and are especially important in¬†arid¬†regions, where the grain is one of the¬†staples¬†for poor and rural people. These varieties form important components of pastures in many tropical regions.¬†Sorghum bicolor¬†is an important¬†food crop¬†in¬†Africa,¬†Central America, and¬†South Asia¬†and is the “fifth most important¬†cereal¬†crop grown in the world”.

Sorghum grows really well here and can provide grains for bread and other things, and is not immediately recognizable to most of the population as food , so its a good back-up crop.

Plant the crop on open land and let it grow, and reseed itself . Obviously don’t choose invasive crops and be responsible.

 

 

Building techniques for a post modern culture


In my searches on the internet i often stumble across info that is new to me and might be useful to other in the prepping community

One of these such items is the catalan vault

 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catalan_vault 

 

the catalan vault is a really great idea and can be manufactured with limited resources, is very solid and can provide very stong buildings.

 http://architecture.mit.edu/class/guastavino/features/ramage/index-ramage.htm#

http://block.arch.ethz.ch/

the tiles used in the vault can be simple clay dried in the sun . and can be stuck together with a simple plaster –

http://www.notechmagazine.com/2011/12/sustainable-urban-dwelling-unit-sudu.html

 

check out some of these links for more info

 

 

 

Calcium carbide – and its uses


Calcium carbide can be produced by cooking Quick lime ¬†and charcoal together at a very high temperature –¬†approximately 2000¬†¬įC

CaO + 3 C → CaC2 + CO

It was invented in 1888, when wet with water it produces acetylene, that can be used for many purposes Рeven to run a  car, an engine or a generator, and provides a portable source of uncompressed gas for lighting and cooking.

it is hot enough to be used for welding with the hot flame it produces when mixing the gas with pure oxygen.

the process of producing Calcium carbide is of great interest to those prepping simply because it is sustainable, using very basic ingredients, and quite low technology.

 

you can get a hot enough flame to make this by using an arc welder with a carbon rod .

Air Rifles for survival


In the last few years in south Africa the law regarding Air rifles has changed , and they are no longer required to be licenced,

so long as they are under .22 calibre and ( I maybe wrong here ) under 9 foot pounds of muzzle energy.

so a nice powerful .177 calibre rifle is well within the reach of most people.

While this isn’t much good at protecting a household from anything , its a very effective weapon to hunt small animals and birds, and while it is illegal to hunt with an airgun, in South Africa, if the SHTF , they could be used to take pigeons, and other birds, rabbits, cats, and other smaller animals or scare off dogs, and other predators. Continue reading Air Rifles for survival

Green laser Pointers


Green laser pointers are excellent signalling devices and should be included in any emergency survival bag, they are light and can signal aircraft and even others on the ground much like a flare gun.

when combined with Morse code you would even be able to send messages to others simply by shining it upwards in the sky at night and coding out the message.
obviously everyone would be able to receive the message and would see where it was sent from, but this is not always a bad thing, and for messaging over a few kilometres, would be better then a flare gun with only a few flares ..

a few notes on SHTF firearms


Hi all

Ive been reading the forums lately and have seen some posts on SHTF firearms that really make me smile.

One guy has 3 weapons and ammo along with a Kevlar vest… but only 3 days food, in his bug out bag.

this really doesn’t make sense to me

for bug out you are probably going to need to have as much food as possible, and if you are moving you wont get time to hunt,  so what would you do with all that ammo and that many guns?

the person in question said they have a shotgun , a pistol and a .22 rifle in semi auto.

without knowing the persons plans i am not able to say too much, but thats seams a little over kill for any situation  to the point that carrying all three will make you inefficient at combat or hunting in any case.

my 2 cents worth is simple — loose the long guns – if you are moving through urban areas .

take the shot gun if you are going short term in the wilderness.

and the .22 if you are going to stay long in the wilderness.

if you have ever served in the military you should know that carrying more then one weapon is going to be a pain , during my service I realized that the lighter the better, now I only carry a pistol, and would prefer a pistol caliber carbine over anything.

Pistols are not great weapons, but the reason I advocate this is simple, they are lighter, and you really need MUCH more food then you think and WATER is extremely heavy.

Officers use submachine guns rather then a rifle, most of the time, simply because it is lighter and has more compact ammo with good accuracy. leaving space for food and water, when resupply is uncertain.

rather have 15 days food and water and a pistol that you will probably not need then dehydrate.

bottom line is you cant eat shotgun shells.

MAG – Mutual Assistance Groups


The MAG will not be a welfare department for the unprepared, but just because a potential new member isn’t prepared, doesn’t automatically mean that they will be rejected, it does mean that they must show commitment, by making progress every month, in getting their food supplies and other supplies in order.

A member must be able to acquire there own supplies, and not rely on the group to provide for them.

The Group operates as a team, trains as a team and plans as a team, attendance to one training session per month is mandatory.

There will be a small monthly membership fee, without this the Group cannot purchase Long-Term supplies.

Members of the MAG will forfeit any group gear and fee’s, should they be exciled from the group, be unable to meet there obligations to the group, ¬†or no longer wish to participate.

 

Issues with 9mm casings —


Without really looking I reloaded 100 rounds on the week-end , at the range i had 6 casings where the primers fell out in the magazine . failing to allow the weapon to go into battery and messing powder everywhere.

I¬†was lucky that¬†nothing blew up …

I¬†picked up the casings at the range and hadn’t properly checked them – but it looks like “durapoint” (or somthing¬†like that) reload’s, in the orange box, has been reloading berdan primed casings with¬†boxer¬†primers .obviously drilling out the old primers anvils¬†which works just fine with the primers they use, once … but when reloading the primer pockets are stretched.

My winchester¬†primers seem¬†a little small and they¬†were falling out … while they felt fine and looked fine on the press.

Needless to say I ditched all the berdan primer casings from my brass stash and now will sort my range brass a little more closely.

Getting a group together


After many nights of lying awake i have decided the only way to really prep is in a group.

i’ve know this would become neccessary for a while and its finally time to act …

Myself and few others will be meeting monthly,¬†for¬†firearms practise and¬†discussions, in the eastrand area of johannesburg – if anyone would like to join us , then contact me via gmail or wordpress for more details … we would be glad for a few more members.

kind regards Xi0

 

 

Catch up


Wow its been a busy month …work has been crazy

I read Patriots Рthanks to a friend .

good book …

some crits¬†… no bunker under the first house …¬†took them too long to build¬†claymores … there BOL was way to far away from most of the members.

Anyway going to stop off at the range tomorrow with one of the group members … reloading ammo tonight …

Cant wait for my garage to get finished .. its been 3 months now – need a new builder maybe?

Bought a lee bullet resize die .. works a charm .. starting to cast projectiles more actively .

found a cool system for coating bullet in epoxy …¬† probably going to start a cottage industry and sell to local gun¬† shops .. just need to build a casting machine …

Sod house


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sod_house

The sod house or “soddy”[1] was a corollary to the log cabin during frontier settlement of Canada and the United States. The prairie lacked standard building materials such as wood or stone; however, sod from thickly-rooted prairie grass was abundant.[2] Prairie grass had a much thicker, tougher root structure than modern landscaping grass.

Construction of a sod house involved cutting patches of sod in rectangles, often 2’√ó1’√ó6” (600√ó300√ó150 mm) long, and piling them into walls. Builders employed a variety of roofing methods. Sod houses accommodate normal doors and windows. The resulting structure was a well-insulated but damp dwelling that was very inexpensive. Sod houses required frequent maintenance and were vulnerable to rain damage. Stucco or wood panels often protected the outer walls. Canvas or plaster often lined the interior walls.

Sod houses can stop bullets and can be made for next to nothing …they may no last forever but can be made quickly and last for many years if done well…

sod houses require only hand tools to construct and would make a great bug out location temporary structure as most of Gauteng is covered with grass lands ..

my ideal bug out location would include a house of brick, sod or sandbags , in the form of a court yard house .. these are usually constructed with windows facing inwards and a central pond for fish and drinking water … with all roof run-off going into the pond in the middle … all windows face inwards and fruit tree’s are grown in the court yard providing shade and food.

the outer walls are at least 3 meters high and very thick – only very small windows set high on the wall would face outwards

– 2 sets of gates- with inner and outer gates. and a dry mote to stop vehicle rams, complete the setup .

below grounds storage and underground safe rooms – or bunkers provide a last line of defense .

obviously, inline with my other posts, a number of  lines of fences and trip flares .

My new pri-bar tomahawk project


image image Hi guys … Been very busy but just a quick note … Here is a glimpse of the chisel I’m turning into a pribar tomahawk … It’s also a hammer and a knife … Got the concept of the idea from red scorpion six Mohawk … Look it up on the web for more details .. any way Gtg bye … From my mobile i started off with a brick cutting cold chisel … its very tough .. and heavey … about 2 pounds or 1 kg when i began, it should take a good edge cause its a good quality steel… cost me R80 or about $8 US … and when im finished it should be a really good axe, pribar, knife, hammer and chisel combo. nice thing is its smaller and lighter then the tools described put together and much cheaper then the Mohawk

 

—–progress update—–

 

works really well … even without a handle attached .

still allittle left to do to make it look nicer .. got loads of filing to do and a little paint wont hurt but i cant wait till its done …

 

2013-12-27 10.45.46

Investing in silver and gold


In the case of localised economic disasters
Gold and silver are excellent ways to preserve your purchasing power, when the economy crashes your silver will still be worth something to someone and so even when the Rand slides against the dollar physical precious metals still hold value.

Paper money and coins with a face value can easily lose value when inflation hits and can be devalued by the central banks — silver and gold bars cannot be.

Coins like the Mandela coin are based not on the value of the metal but the value people are prepared to pay for the face value – this is highly inflated.
Continue reading Investing in silver and gold

Shooting challange


Shooting challenge — post you results in the comments if you like.

Went to the range yesterday and started my new training program

Drill – to learn to draw and change mags correctly.
Rounds – about 100
Action – load 2 round into your pistol and 2 rounds into each additional magazine ( minimum 1 normally 2)
Target – man-sized, stationary
Distance – 20 m / +-60 feet
Method – address target , draw, Fire 2 rounds, change mags, let slide loose, fire 2 rounds, change mags to empty mag, dry fire, change mag to other mag with ammo, fire 2 rounds, change mags to empty mag, dry fire, make weapons safe,
reload and start from scratch.
Objective – to draw and fire and reload accurately, then speed up as you become better at this, then work on accurate fire, when quick.

– my results were quite good …
all shots on central mass, no fumbles, not exceptionally quick, need to review my holster setup, its slowing me down.

Home made MRE in South Africa


While reviewing my Get home bag, and after doing some research I found some great idea’s on homemade rat packs .

While the oat survival bars in one of my older posts are great, they can get boring,
so I started out with dehydrated stuff
so now the pack has:

1 instant oats
1 instant soup
1 pack Oros powder
1 small pack of instant mash – Smash
2 tea bags
4 pre-packed sugar packets
75g of compressed Dates
125g of Knorrox Savory Soya mince – re-packed from the 400g packs
1/3 oat survival bar listed elsewhere

total – 7200 kilojoules – probably a little light at 1720 calories —-

“Get home bag” issues


I have once again reviewed my get home bag as i do a number of times a year to get optimal performance out of the bags contents as I learn new techniques and discover new ways of doing things

For one my original bag is over-stocked with medication and ammo, and could probably have sustained me almost indefinitely,
but it weighted in at over 12 kg’s, and was a pain to carry (even though it was kept in the boot of my car I would still need to carry it if SHTF.)
Continue reading “Get home bag” issues

My Idea for an improvised backpack


veshMy Idea for an improvised backpack would use a pair of old pants and some rope

Cargo pants or BDU pants work well as they will have external pockets you can use for smaller things

the idea is to make a pack similar to a Veshmeshock http://wp.me/p1Ff3c-h3

Take the pants and lay them out legs facing down

tie the legs together and closed with a small piece of rope

Tie another longer rope that will form the straps to the  first small piece with a large gap

Fill with stuff …

tie top like Vesh ….

and now you have rope and a spare pair of pants for no extra weight

 

 

 

http://www.tentpro.co.za/


Get SADF¬†/ SANDF ¬†surplus equipment from http://www.tentpro.co.za/¬†— just got army boots for R165¬†— that’s¬†exceptionally cheap … they respond quickly to queries and deliver free in JHB and PTA …

Friendly¬†fast and cheap doesn’t¬†get better than that .

they have more than¬†they list so don’t be scared to ask for more stuff¬† …

 

best is the Back Pack/Webbing Combo http://www.tentpro.co.za/surplus/Army_back_pack_combo.html

R570.00 including vat¬†that’s like¬† $60¬† for everything a soldier needs in¬† a back pack and webbing

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soviet Army veshmeshok back pack


Soviet Army veshmeshok back packs are really cheap and a nice big pack for those on a budget . they are low tech and very tough .

 

I found them for sale for only R210 at http://tacticool.co.za/shop/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=1560

http://www.rusmilitary.com/images/soviet_rucksack.jpg

video of how to tie it up http://sovietarmystuff.com/images/sidr.avi

 

vesh

 

 

so I came up with idea to make my own will post it soon … Should be free to make as its all from old scraps most guys will have at home…

 

Scouts


Scout Oath or Promise

On my honor, I will do my best
To do my duty to God and my country
To help other people at all times and to obey the Scout Law

Scout Law

A Scout is:
Trustworthy,
Loyal,
Helpful,
Friendly,
Courteous,
Kind,
Obedient,
Cheerful,
Thrifty,
Brave,
Clean,
and Reverent.
Boy Scout Motto

Be Prepared!

Hail in the vale


On the 20th of October  at 14h30,  Johannesburg time, my house was hit by hail the size of tennis balls and some up to the size of  a Cricket ball, breaking most of my north facing windows  ( about 15 in total ) and breaking straight through my roof tiles and my roofing boards in some places, luckily no one was hurt, and my cars were under cover so they were not damaged.

Firstly I must mention that i was shocked at how powerful the hail was, and how vulnerable the roof is , even on a relatively strong ¬†building, it made me very aware of how fragile houses actually are, South African houses are not designed for extreme weather as it isn’t something we get very often. our windows are thin and not safety glass, our roofs are tiled but the tiles are not as strong as you would believe. and the impact of hail is much more dramatic then one would expect.

Fortunately being prepared for natural disasters is something I try to do and I had about 40 spare roof tiles that the previous owner left behind when he moved out ( he was also the builder of large sections of the house), so my friends and I climbed on the roof and fixed the majority of broken or cracked tiles. ( once again thanks for your help, I hope you enjoyed the potjie )

This was a great opportunity to see who I can rely on in an emergency, and it was interesting to see how people react to needing to help others, or themselves.

Link to pics of the hail.

How to build survival fortifications


Readers have requested I do an article on how to build a survival fortification.

So here it is.

-I often hear of people in America living in wooden houses who have storm shutters that cover their windows, made of ply wood-so long as you understand these are only storm shutters and a wooden house wont stop bullets, and in no way make your house a fortress , then go ahead, they may help for storms … but thats not what we are discussing.

Firstly we need to establish your strategy, to determine the answer to the question of fortification.

Are you bugging-in or out, are you planning on building them before or after an event, what are your foreseeable threats, how big will your labor force be to build it and how big is your garrison that need shelter and food stored inside for a siege , what force could you expect to attack you and finally what is your budget ?

Continue reading How to build survival fortifications

Pistol Carbine System South Africa


Licensing a firearm in South Africa can take anything up-to a year and so many don’t bother and few gun shops survive the lack of¬† cash flow.

According to the new law you may only have one hand gun and only one gun under section 13 which is for self-defense

this is also the only semi-auto weapon you are allowed, under conventional circumstances.

This dictates, that if you need a firearm for self defense, you should buy the best and most versatile handgun you can.

the 3 most common weapons i see purchased are the following 3 :
Continue reading Pistol Carbine System South Africa

High intensity lighting using gas.


¬†Useful retro tech to make search lights and other light types to illuminate fortifications — dont forget to read my other article on how to apply this¬† ie use a reflector and harden your lighting

…or elsewhere in my blog where to get gas from I.e methane from a biomass digester .

“Limelight (also known as calcium light)[1] is a type of stage lighting once used in theatres and music halls. An intense illumination is created when an oxyhydrogen flame is directed at a cylinder of quicklime (calcium oxide),[2] which can be heated to 2572 ¬įC before melting. The light is produced by a combination of incandescence and candoluminescence. Although it has long since been replaced by electric lighting, the term has nonetheless survived, as someone in the public eye is still said to be ‚Äúin the limelight.‚ÄĚ The actual lights are called limes, a term which has been transferred to electrical equivalents.”from wiki¬†

The role of Ferro-cement for Fortifications


Sand bags are good but soon rot … i prefer this method

Ferro-cement is a method of construction ( there are many ways to do it but here is mine) where you make a frame of steel mesh (about 2 inch mesh) … and attach chicken wire to it every few links.¬†

or start with EMPTY ¬†Gabion’s¬† ¬†, ones of the right dimensions,¬† — preferably a thinner type like 1 a foot thick or less¬† – they are made in many sizes — 3 foot by 4 foot by 1/2 a foot and use them as you would bricks .. tying them together with wire, obviously with the 1/2 foot being the width of the wall.

kinda like this (please excuse mspaint art)


Then attach the chicken wire to the outside of the wall and what will form the inside and plaster .

Plaster with a very fine plaster mix on the chicken wire — let it set and re-plaster until its quite thick .. maybe 1 inch

Continue reading The role of Ferro-cement for Fortifications

Garrison


I said it a hundred times, get a garrison together — community rules … western military doctrine always maintains that only troops can hold ground…

This is idealistic and not my plan exactly but its an idea that can be applied elsewhere.

I would say the ideal in suburbia is the close off your street at both ends with a barricade ( we have this already ) .. get everyone in your street on board … link all the houses with radio or field telephones … establish a central meeting hall and guard house to coordinate everything, and provide a central kitchen, and central alarm should everyone need to wake up at once .

Dig the road up around the block to about 2 m deep and pile the rubble on the inside to form a parapet … use what you can to make a wall … cars … sand bags .. roof sheets with gravel whatever .. this is really just a trench to defend from. make a single entrance where the road is OK …

Continue reading Garrison

Rat packs and other stuff


http://original-retnev.blogspot.com/2009/03/ratpacks.html

http://www.mreinfo.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=4128

Now that brings back memories — dont eat the cheesie’s they give you gypo guts (jippo guts)

quoted from the site link

“Not a whole lot of information available on the current SANDF (South African National Defense Force) ration pack, but here’s what I found out.
Continue reading Rat packs and other stuff

Comparing the Spetsnaz Spade to the Machete to the Kukri to the Hatchet multi tool


Comparing the Spetsnaz Spade to the conventional Machete to the Kukri machete to the Hatchet multi tool

 

When I was cutting down a tree in my yard the other day, I decided to compare the cutting power, comfort and usability of each of the tools pictured above and found some surprising results.

First I tried the machete – ( R40 – or $3US from Makro, made by Lasher in South africa )
on softer wood that was thinner than my thumb it worked quite well, but the blade stuck fast in logs thicker than my wrist, and the reverberation of the cutting stroke was not very pleasant,

while cutting into the wood that was as thick as your wrist, after some time, I found my arm getting tired and I was not making much progress, each cut would slice about half an inch into the cut.
Continue reading Comparing the Spetsnaz Spade to the Machete to the Kukri to the Hatchet multi tool

My idea for a survival spade/shovel


My idea for a survival spade/shovel

You can buy a shovel from lasher – looks for what is known as a “ladies spade” with a square blade LASHER link —product 162—

This spade has a steel shaft made of the same steel as the spade blade, that is hollow and can be welded closed at the bottom. Weld this opening closed. or use “Pratley putty” to close the opening. ( easier than welding)
Continue reading My idea for a survival spade/shovel

Defensive Arrangements for Homestead’s


All windows and doors, usually had expanded steel mesh, used for barbeque’s fitted to them in an angle iron frame.

Most had a designated safe room, with the Radio, within the farmhouse that could be defended until support arrived. Sometimes this was a central corridor that allowed the farmer to move into other rooms to attack those outside through the windows.
it was common to build sand bag walls in front of sleeping areas and under bedroom windows to stop bullets passing through walls as single brick walls will not stop 7.62×39 mm rounds, , sandbags were stacked in front of doors, to provide secured firing arc’s, about a meter away from the main building,
fox holes were sometimes dug to provide fire positions, and occasionally escape tunnels were also dug,
Beds were never placed against the outside walls of a farmhouse.

Continue reading Defensive Arrangements for Homestead’s

Gel stoves to cook on when the power is out


Gel versus Paraffin
http://www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/07Lloyd%20Visagie%20fuels.pdf

gel stoves are less efficient and more expensive to run, but are less smelly, are less of a fire hazzard and quite low tech, the gel is easier to store and not as toxic as paraffin, and produces less soot, over all the use of gel is better and should be advocated over gas and paraffin for emergency short term cooking …
Continue reading Gel stoves to cook on when the power is out

Importance of Concrete


Link to importance of concrete
Concrete has made building what it is today
Make sure you can partly improvise concrete it will help build fortifications and is paramount in the rebuilding of law and order.

Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world because it is a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco and most non-specialty grout. It usually originates from limestone. It is a fine powder produced by grinding clinker (more than 90%), a limited amount of calcium sulfate (which controls the set time).

Portland cement clinker is made by heating, in a kiln, a mixture of raw materials to a sintering temperature of about 1450 ¬įC for modern cements. The aluminium oxide and iron oxide are present as a flux and contribute little to the strength. The major raw material for the clinker-making is usually limestone (CaCO3) mixed with a second material containing clay as source of alumino-silicate.

Normally, an impure limestone which contains clay or SiO2 is used. The CaCO3 content of these limestones can be as low as 80%. Second raw materials (materials in the rawmix other than limestone) depend on the purity of the limestone. Some of the second raw materials used are clay, shale, sand, iron ore, bauxite, fly ash and slag. When a cement kiln is fired by coal, the ash of the coal acts as a secondary raw material.

Musings on staple foods


http://www.sa-longevity.co.za/p/161229/the-country-living-grain-mill

A friend recommended this link to me – this might be a necessary item to buy if you intend on growing grains, (I for one am looking at pearl millet – Link to seeds )… might be nice to make Corn bread or porridge with fresh ground corn or whatever grain.

I do need to mention though that this is why the Irish and English cultures were revolutionized by the discovery and importing of potatoes – they don’t need to be milled and made into bread and they produce more per hectare then grain, ( they don’t keep as long as grains do though) the best being red sweet potatoes if you live in South Africa – they grow like weeds – propagate themselves , and you can make a sweet syrup from them to sweeten anything by boiling down the water after cooking them and squeezing out the juice.

pumpkins also make great flour if dried and ground -( or so i hear ) and the yields are good.

Perma-culture VS Aqua-phonics


Perma-culture VS Aqua-phonics
To feed my family is important to me and i have research many ways to do this.

I was looking at installing an aquaphonics system, as these can be hidden in plane site, and was considering a flotation method may be the easiest and least expensive (float the plants on the surface in styrene) but then the pond has to be really big and the plants have to have really small root systems.

After I did some research i discovered Perma-Culture and maybe its a good ideas to do permi-culture instead of aqua-phonics — they yield is lower but its way lower profile, requires less to setup and is lower tech so the natural balance is maintained, you also don’t have to worry about pumps, tanks etc.
the trade off is the lack of fish protein that would be a nice addition to the table.

Well i bought the book from this site and am working through it – maybe perma-culture is the way to go?
will let you all know how it goes.

The most overlooked and important prep you can make


In a word … “Boots”
A strong , good set of well worn in boots or shoes cannot be improvised . And any soldier will agree that your rifle and your boots are what make a soldier… I can fight naked as long as i have my boots . Yeah I know it sounds funny but any thing else can be made .. stolen or improvised but good shoes are complex and hard to make… Stock up … And learn the art of cobblering

Survival garden Recipe idea’s


Potatoes are very productive and produce the best crop for the smallest plot of land, one reason they are so good is that they don’t need much additional processing to make them edible, just wash them and cook and eat , compared to grains that need to be ground and made into bread you can see how potatoes save you time — although, one problem is monotony and storage – potatoes don’t keep all that well, so preserving them is important, I propose making dried gnocchi and using them as pasta.
Continue reading Survival garden Recipe idea’s

Bug out food tubes – an alternative energy food


 

I bought some of these tubes¬†the other day – wasn’t to sure what i would do with them but at R10 for 2 at the local Mr Price sport – cause they were “shop soiled” ( which was only the packaging i might add ) it seamed like a good buy.

Initially i had no idea what i might do with them but it dawned on me this morning, the ration bars I have posted on my blog before are not so great to eat because they are very dry and hard .. which in itself is good but with these tubes i though to make them easier to eat and more appetizing, the idea is to put the ingredients in the tubes dry, other than the honey, and add a little more powdered sugar to make up for this, then when needed open the clip, add warm/ hot water, enjoy, well at least thats the theory, will have to test and get back to you all.

I will see when I test, but the tubes may not be big enough for a full ration which wont help much.

The tubes also might work well for peanut butter which is very high in nutritional value – although I have read of people who use this for holding anything liquid having issues with the clips that break or leak , so I would stick to the dry stuff when on the move …¬†

Nitestik review


Nitestik site link

The other day I bought a “nitestik”, just for fun, but I think it may be useful in finding your BOB in the dark and as its actually bright enough to use as a low powered emergency light for illuminating a very dark space,(I have tested this and it works ok for the first hour or two .. then it isn’t much use cause it is too dull, but works fine just to find what ever is tied to it)

The nice thing is, nothing to break and its effectively solar powered,
now I’m not saying it is going to replace a torch just that it can provide a compact light that could help you in a tight situation, even if its just to find something tied to it, like your house keys.

It is a little over priced in my opinion , but with imported things our currency generally are

Micro hydro power systems


links to micro hydro generators


Micro hydro is a sustainable energy system that takes us back to the time of the water wheel —

Electric lighting is still the most efficient way to produce light, converting mechanical energy into light is one of the most important developments in human history, lengthening the time people can work , as there is light to work by, and effectively making us more efficient as a species.

Electrical lighting is safer than candles and provides a cleaner and more steady light and doesn’t burn anything, it is also available at the flick of a switch and from a distance, gas lighting and other methods of lighting have many flaws when compared to this .

If used for nothing other then lighting, electrical systems are a very good candidate for hydro power, as it is constant and predictable.

Hydro-power i.e water wheels should be used directly, with gearing, if mechanical energy is needed, (like to run a mill, or lath , or bellows for a forge) as losses in generators are quite large especially in improvised ones, unless power is needed far from water and then you have no choice but to run cables, and use generators. This should be avoided, if possible.

But it is my opinion that using water to power electrical lighting is the best way to do lighting

Drying and Dehydrating for food preservation


Drying and dehydrating has long been used as a method to preserver food, the lack of water in dehydrated food stops bacteria multiplying.

When compared to other methods of food preservation , drying wins hands down as it allows most foods to be preserved without any additives, this is important as those additives may not be available anymore after a civil collapse.

Food can be dried in Johannesburg, mostly when weather permits , which is usually best in early winter, and even late summer on days that it doesn’t rain.

Dry in the sun on a fly proof rack in a box, under a pane of glass for full effect, or alternatively in the oven on a low heat , about 60 to 80 centigrade.

When in doubt as to if its ready, dry it for longer,,, longer is better than shorter,,,

Most dried stuff will keep for 6 months once dried and stored in a dry place, away from insects, careful not to use wet/damp containers, and discard anything that looks moldy.

Sun-dried tomatoes are a great way to store your tomato crop, make sure they are ripe, but not over ripe before starting .

The new age of sail


please go and read this article i know its long but its relevant

I read this article some time back an found that the information was rather inspirational, a move towards sail powered craft with the knowledge of modern nautical maps and charts as well as combining this knowledge with something like the concrete submarine – or a ferro cement hull, and modern refrigeration, possible steam power , might be an option for a post SHTF scenario when the immediate danger has subsided and you need to find a way to feed yourself and your family … fish stocks in the ocean will soar without the fishing trawlers taking large numbers of fish…

Long term, fishing will be a real option .. and as most rivers lead to the ocean . a life there could be better over all rather then inland … of coarse living near the sea pre-SHTF is not necessarily wise with all the possible natural disasters that accompany it .

any way read the article it speaks for its self.

The 3 sisters – corn , beans and squash


Simple gardening with the 3 sisters can provide all you need in nutrition to feed you family.

The three crops benefit from each other. The maize provides a structure for the beans to climb, eliminating the need for poles. The beans provide the nitrogen to the soil that the other plants utilize, and the squash spreads along the ground, blocking the sunlight, helping prevent establishment of weeds.

Maize lacks the amino acids lysine and tryptophan, which your body needs to make proteins and niacin, beans contain both and therefore maize and beans together provide a balanced diet.

links to info

Improvised Jam Jar light bulbs


Jam Jar light bulbs
Electrical light bulbs were a great innovation simply because they provide light on demand and are safer than candles, they don’t smoke and provide light that doesn’t flicker, this is why they were such an innovation in their time.
Simple homemade light bulbs are useful if you have a source of electrical power, and can be made using a glass bottle or jar ( if using a bottle with a neck then you don‚Äôt even need a lid just enough wax to plug the neck ) , some steel wool ‚Äď or thin wire ,some thicker insulated wire , a match or two and some wax to seal the holes
If using a jar,
Open the jar, make 2 holes in the lid , strip about half an inch or 1 cm of insulation off, of the thicker insulated wire, on each end of each wire , thread 2 of the thicker insulated wires through the holes and seal around them with wax –
Take some of the steel wool or really thin wire and link the two thicker wires that will meet inside the jar, experiment with this a little as to the number of these and the thickness that works best with the voltage you are using, I find 4 of about 1 inch long threads of steel wool, works well at 12 volts, they last about 2 hours, then burn out … this is expected, they don’t really last long., also making them into a coil makes them provide more light.
For bottle based bulbs just use the wax as a plug for the bulb .

Once done light a match and throw it into the jar. And screw the lid with the wires gently, but quickly, back on, the match will burn up all the oxygen inside the bulb and allow this bulb to work,
You should have a working bulb now ‚Äď turn it on and experiment ‚Ķ
They don’t last long and don’t provide that much light but can help in a pinch

Making keys instead of picking locks


Lock smithing is a skill I picked up some years back- and one of the most useful skills to have is the ability to quietly make a key for something like a pistol safe when you need to get into it without breaking in or making too much noise,

This technique was detailed in a CIA manual that I had access too some time ago and maintained that it was quicker in some instances than picking.
Continue reading Making keys instead of picking locks

The greatest step in human evolution was and is agriculture


When we formulate plans for survival we often forget that the corner-stone of every civilization is agriculture.
De-evolving into a hunter-gather state is not sustainable, as food stocks within an area soon wither with large populations doing hunting and our ancestors acknowledged this and so developed farming to allow the food to “come to them”, allowing themselves time to do other things like develop technology and arts, learn and develop written and other military skills.
We should all learn from this, hunting takes way more time and effort than farming, and the yields in farming often create a surplus for trade, this allows division of labour and allows specialization making you better at what you do…
Continue reading The greatest step in human evolution was and is agriculture

Plant a Hedge to provide a light barrier when fences are not availible


Hedging is surprisingly simple and our ancestors understood the advantages of a natural barrier –

Hedging, if done correctly, can provide fruit, a thick barrier of thorn ridden, and foothold free cover, that weapons can be fired through,
difficult to climb as it is something thats outside yields but inside is solid. they can also contain hidden razor wire fences.
Continue reading Plant a Hedge to provide a light barrier when fences are not availible

Uses for PVC Conduit


Uses for PVC Conduit

This is a just a few of my idea’s surrounding pcv conduit

1. A good bow and arrow can be made
2. Can be used to make structures like chicken coups and greenhouses
3. Pedal carts for kids can be made with this
4. As a base for working with fiberglass
5. ground up can be added to black powder to make smoke bombs
6. Fencing support for hedges
7. Shafts for spears. Fishing poles

Star Fortresses


Star forts as i have discussed before seem a logical progression for protecting your community should things degrade to that level.

“Origins

Fortification plan of Coevorden, laid out in a radial pattern within polygonal fortifications and extensive outer earthworks as reconstructed in the early seventeenth century by Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange

The predecessors of star fortifications were medieval fortresses, usually placed on high hills. From there, arrows were shot at the enemies, and the higher the fortress was, the further the arrows flew. The enemies’ hope was to either ram the gate or climb over the wall with ladders and overrun the defenders. For the invading force, these fortifications proved quite difficult to overcome. Therefore, fortresses occupied a key position in warfare.

When the newly effective maneuverable siege cannon came into military strategy in the fifteenth century, the response from military engineers was to arrange for the walls to be embedded into ditches fronted by earthen slopes so that they could not be attacked by destructive direct fire and to have the walls topped by earthen banks that absorbed and largely dissipated the energy of plunging fire. Where conditions allowed, as in Fort Manoel in Malta, the ditches were cut into the native rock, and the wall at the inside of the ditch was simply unquarried native rock. As the walls became lower, they also became more vulnerable to assault.

Worse yet, the rounded shape that had previously been dominant for the design of turrets created “dead space”, or “dead” zones (see figure), which were relatively sheltered from defending fire, because direct fire from other parts of the walls could not be directed around the curved wall. To prevent this, what had previously been round or square turrets were extended into diamond-shaped points to give storming infantry no shelter. The ditches and walls channeled attacking troops into carefully constructed killing grounds where defensive cannons could wreak havoc on troops attempting to storm the walls, with emplacements set so that the attacking troops had no place to shelter from the defensive fire.

Continue reading Star Fortresses

Hot plug Diesel engines


Some technology of yester-year that is not very well know is that of hot plug engines.

These engines use a system similar to long stroke diesel engines and but do not develop the pressure that normal diesel engines do and so require a “hot” plug to be heated to ignite the fuel ,
these engines were common in tractors in the 1890’s and so on, until diesel engines were more reliable.

Wiki info on hot plug / bulb engines

This technology is interesting to us because it requires less precise machining
These engines were slow running (300-400 RPM) and mostly with cast iron parts including pistons,
the engine uses a carburettor because the charge only ignites when the mixture is compressed into the bulb .
A big attraction with the hot-bulb engine was its ability to run on a wide range of fuels. Even poor-burning fuels could be used since a combination of vaporiser- and compression-ignition meant that such fuels could be made to combust. The usual fuel used was fuel oil, similar to modern-day diesel, but natural gas, kerosene, paraffin, crude oil, vegetable oil or creosote could also be used.

Compared with steam, petrol, and diesel engines, hot-bulb engines are simpler and therefore have fewer potential problems. There is no electrical system, as found on a petrol engine, and no external boiler and steam system as on a steam engine.

Tilapia farming in africa


link to buying fingerling’s for Tilapia in Gauteng

Get your fingerling’s and start now farming Tilapia – best parts are they grow fast and are not restricted in urban area’s, so long as you can get a pond going you can have live stock .. even if its just a bath tub size fish farm and some lettuce making up an aquaphonics system.

Today i went to the local pick and pay – they were selling frozen tilapia , very interesting me thinks, first time i have seen it commercially available ready to eat, so i got some, lets see how good they are,

some more info go here

(update) the fish was ok … Pretty tasteless … But pleasant …. Price doubled over night … It was 35 a kg next time we went it was 65 … Way too much …

Budget Bug out vehical idea


If you are making a teardrop trailer try look at this link for idea’s as too how to make a tear drop trailer out of cardboard ( yes not a joke)

On browsing the web looking for ideas to build a teardrop trailer for bugging out with my car i found this
a very interesting idea, turn your urban Sedan into a camper by building yourself or purchasing a swiss room box ….

“Thanks to an ingenious modular system installed in the boot of your car, you can cook, eat, take a shower and sleep during your outdoor adventures!”

Wax burners


Instead of using expensive non renewable propane burners create one of these

take a tuna tin can or any can that you can find that is convenient..
preferably with a replaceable metal lid

Roll up some corrugated cardboard, and place inside,
fill half up with molten wax or molten fat … and let it set …

You now have a burner that is inert and wont explode in your bag .. can be refilled from rubbish you can scavenge and be stored indefinitely (even when using fat, rancid fat might not smell nice but it still burns. )

SHTF transport Bug out vehical considerations


One of my favorite options for a bugging out vehicle is the URAL side car motorcycle

this is very mobile on and off road,and can be pushed should it need to be by its crew, it can maneuver on foot paths and uses very little fuel but can carry a large number of people and equipment for its size, making it an ideal savaging and scouting vehicle, it can effectively be used for raiding and very mobile warfare.

high tailer go anywhere vehicle 1967

Continue reading SHTF transport Bug out vehical considerations

Hole in the ground bio gas generator


Works best on hot climates

Bio gas is usually methane that comes from rotting biological carbon based matter

An effective and simple bio gas generator can be made by getting a barrel and cutting the bottom open – (or if the barrel has no lid just turn it upside down)

if using this method there is no need to feed the digester or have a sludge outlet .. cause its setup to use batches.

but this pretty much sums it up

Plumb in some gas fittings with a tap to control the flow so that you can close them for the period needed to start the procedure

Dig a trench (the reason for the trench is to do more then one barrel at a time in the same area to provide enough gas and you can space them apart in time so that you always have some usable gas ) in the ground as big as you need to fit the barrel inside without touching the walls – and almost as deep as the barrel is high (don’t want the plumbing clogged with the slop) – the ditch or trench can be dug to include a number of barrels in a row, line the trench with clay , or plastic sheeting and fill with pig/chicken manure or any other material and water in a sloppy mixture about the consistency of loose oats porridge (experimentation gives results of what works and what doesn’t)

place the barrels open side down into the mixture with the taps open so as to form a seal with the slop,
and close the taps ( the weight of the barrel provides even pressure)

Continue reading Hole in the ground bio gas generator

Map Making after SHTF


Finding north is useful, but map making is actually more useful. especially in the long term,

-decide the area you wish to map,
-choose a useful scale,
-Draw a grid with the scale on the paper you want to make a map out of i.e 1 block is 100m
-Now decide on where you want to create the map from
-Find 2 points that are the same distance as the grid scale (100m in this case) apart.
-or if you can find them 100 m apart Draw 2 dots on the map that you know the distance between in real life – i e 2 trees that are 50 m apart and make sure they are 50 m in scale apart on your map.

Continue reading Map Making after SHTF

Martial arts training should be mandatory 1 hour a day for all compound members


Martial arts training should be mandatory 1 hour a day for all compound members, train now, not only will you learn something and keep fit, but you should learn and teach those around you,

you could even wonder from one compound to another and offer your training services in trade for food and shelter,

here is a free training site for free on-line learning – probably not as effective as doing classes but something is better then nothing http://www.sneaky-ninja-stuff.com/

Trench warfare and the need for field fortification post shtf


Trench warfare and the need for field fortification post shtf

Due to the lack of logistics and the complexity of technology, that feeds large artillery and fuel for mobile weapons like Tanks, I believe that in a post SHTF scenario, Bunkers and trenches will become of the utmost importance for fortification.
Continue reading Trench warfare and the need for field fortification post shtf

Welding With Thermite


My Grandfather told me,when I was young, of days when he worked on Electrifying the eastern cape.

The Company ,Eskom ¬†, would use the railway to transport the transformers and so required that the engineers also extend the railway at the same time so they spent many years supervising the laying of rail and so on …

During his time he also spoke of how they would weld the track together using Thermite , a mixture of half red iron oxide ( used to colour concrete) and half aluminum powder, ¬†and use a sparkler as a fuse, ¬†as welding rail track is not a simple affair, and the welding machines of the day couldn’t have managed it.

They used clay to make a mold below the container for the thermite , there was a gap between the tracks and the clay is molded so that the gap forms a cavity  and then the container with the thermite is  placed above and lit ..

the hot Liquid Iron then falls into the gap and fills it then cools .. forming a good bond

i don’t know if this is useful , as i haven’t tried it but it might be if you have no power and need to Macro weld something large …

I’m sure you could also do some simple casting with this method , there is a lot of labor involved in making powdered aluminum or iron oxide .. but I’m sure knowing this might be useful to some, one day, post shtf .

on editing this post i found this wiki article

Home made Field telephones in a survival situation


Field telephones are one of the best and simplest systems of communication in a base of operations.
communication is Key to early warning and defense strategy.

Field Telephones are best used as a point to point communication solution or a simple “jack plug” switch board can be made with a little skill and then a person to man the switch board – if you require a system with more then 2 points..

They were extensivly used during both world wars and in Vietnam for secure communication.

I am not going to detail exactly how one would create the field telephone — but lets just say its not exactly difficult, the detail i will give is that on microphone and one speaker must obviously be at each end ( plans for making these yourself below although store bought is probably better if you build these before you need them )

I have included a basic circut diagram above I just drew up quickly, this will be what a single phone looks like – that plugs into a switch board, to have a simple phone that only have 2 ends then replace the jack plug with another bell, switch, mic and speaker.

__The Switch Board__
a simple switch board can be made by a few jack plug sockets, low voltage bulbs or leds, and jack plugs , the concept is for each “extention” you need a socket to plug the long line that goes to the phone into – another socket to plug another phone into wired in parallel and an led to indicate that its active, a third socket can be added in parallel to allow an operator to “listen in”, and a Lead with a plug on, this lead will plug into to other sockets to connect phones to others , each phone needs each of these i mentioned, it is best to make the sockets for each in a numbered column
so that you can keep track of the cables.

Continue reading Home made Field telephones in a survival situation

Levels of Preparedness


Levels of Preparedness
When looking at what skills and equipment I need to acquire I found it useful to categorize them in to various levels so that I may address them all equally well. when Preparing it is best to start with the first levels and get them down, and then progress to changing your whole way of life.

Level A
can get home from where I am.
On my person, I have:
food and water for the trip and means to obtain more.
Fire making tools
a route map with multiple routes for the possible walk should the roads be too chaotic to drive.
a tool for self defense and know how to use it.
basic sanitation.
the ability to heal minor aliment associated with walking long distances (sunblock).
portable shelter.

Continue reading Levels of Preparedness

Cordless Drill Hydro Generator


Cordless drills can be used for many applications in a SHTF scenario, they are cheap and can be converted to charge batteries with a little ingenuity..

Link to a PDF detailing the procedure to create a Cordless Drill Hydro Generator

here are a few other idea’s from popular mechanics

Drill Driver
Geniuses: Sebastian Auray, Ruben Faber, Nils ferber, Ludolf von Oldershausen
Location: Hamburg, Germany

Moving at 20 mph doesn’t sound so harrowing‚ÄĒbut if you’re driving the EX‚ÄĒa tricycle designed by an obsessive team of students at the University of Fine Arts of Hamburg, Germany‚ÄĒ20 mph seems more than fast enough.

Perhaps that’s because the EX positions its driver so he’s sprawled out on his belly on top of the three-wheeled vehicle, with his face the first point of contact for any oncoming traffic. A specially designed, CNC-milled joint tilts the back wheel to let the rider lean into turns. Modified bicycle parts were used for most of the components‚ÄĒand the trike is powered by nothing but a pair of battery-operated Bosch drill drivers. The 18-volt power tools crank the chain ring in the same direction for maximum, if modest, power; to avoid one drill driver blocking the other, overrunning clutch gearwheels are used to transmit the torque. “The torque you get from a screwdriver is pretty small,” Nils Ferber says. “But we wanted the vehicle to look as aggressive and energetic as possible.”
link to popular mechanics — idea 8 of 10

The design team drew inspiration, he says, from the skeletal structure of a big cat ready to pounce, though he agrees that this is one skeleton perhaps best left in the closet‚ÄĒor at least the workshop. Fully charged drill drivers poop out after a few minutes, giving the rig a maximum range of about a mile and making it about the least practical electric vehicle ever. But for those few minutes? “It’s exciting and fun to drive,” Ferber says. “Being that close to the ground and lying on the vehicle headlong, I’m almost glad that I can’t go faster than 20 mph.”

Post Apocalyptic Refrigeration


Post Apocalyptic Refrigeration

There are many options to do refrigeration with simple technology
one option is a Hilsch vortex tube — you could use a water wheel to power a compressor to provide compressed air to the cooling system using a Hilsch vortex tube for cooling

Another option is a ice ball cooler — simply 2 containers under pressure with ammonia and water inside heat one container to boil off the ammonia – and cool the other with water … then when you take the heat away the water will freeze around the second container.

link to some info on the Ice ball cooler….. more info on the The Crosley ice ball cooler….link to plans to make one yourself….

X

Iodine, Glycerin, and Potassium Permanganate, the holy trinity of survival chemicals


When training in the infantry, some years back
in my officership training, some special forces operatives were on the coarse with me who would always carry these 3 chemicals when on operations. usually they would camouflage the bottles and connect them with bungee cords to their battle jackets, i obviously asked them what this was all about , these 3 bottles ?

well the response was,
Iodine –
antiseptic for cuts and abrasions
sore throats – drunk in very small doses in tea.( never tried this, I don’t no how wise it is)

Glycerin –
Chapped lips,
soothe blisters and sore hands
sweeten coffee,
helps with constipation,( South African MRE’s know as “RAT packs” or ration packs are notorious for giving you diarrhea or constipation)

Potassium Permanganate-
purifying water
in larger concentrations to make an anti septic
help with snake bites
can be combined with glycerin to make fire (Link to site)

—EDIT i have just learned that you can even light thermite with this reaction EDIT—

Sustainable live stock for SHTF – Goats, Chickens, Pigeons, Rabbits, Pigs, and Fish


Goats
Goats are very useful animals requiring small areas to live in some as little as 9 square meters, as long as enough fresh hay and other food can be provided, they are not too picky when it comes to what they eat but will thrive if fed well.
they can provide transport
-pull goat carts( larger breeds )
-milk
-goat hair can be as soft as mohair,
-meat – although not commonly eaten by westerners they are actually very tasty

Continue reading Sustainable live stock for SHTF – Goats, Chickens, Pigeons, Rabbits, Pigs, and Fish

For the ladies – Personal hygiene and Hair removal for Civilizations End


For the ladies – Personal hygiene and Hair removal for the Post Apocalypse

Threading for Hair Removal
From Wiki

Threading is an ancient method of hair removal originating in the Eastern world. In more recent times it has gained popularity in Western countries.

Practitioners use a pure, thin, twisted cotton thread which is rolled over usually untidy hairlines, moustaches and other areas of unwanted hair, plucking the hair at the follicle level. Unlike tweezing, where single hairs are pulled out one at a time, threading can remove an entire row of hair, resulting in a straighter line. As a larger area of hair is removed at once, however, it can be relatively painful. Continue reading For the ladies – Personal hygiene and Hair removal for Civilizations End

Mod to your bug out bag


the solar Charger for gadgets ( GPS – torch – radio – Ipod )

Think of adding a flexible solar panel
to your bug out bag or BOB …

here are some instruction on how to mod it…

Also adding Wheels, to your bag can be very useful, even a single wheel can help with dragging a bag on a flat surface, even if you don’t need it when carting the bag cross country.
This can be done by fitting a cheap skate board truck to the bottom of the bag, not to heavy and can help lighten your load when trekking- even allow you to pull the bag behind you like a trailer if you make use of a bicycle.

Adding a Lilo to your bag makes for better sleeping and can be used for flotation and for carting water (makeshift water container) — folds up small and light

Usefulness of flame weapons in post civilization


Usefulness of flame weapons post civilization

Fire is a powerful ally and a terrible enemy
If it can be bent to your will and harnessed as a weapon it can be unleashed against your enemy to his peril

Home made flame throwers are very effective weapons – especially against crowds of looters
and when combined with simple pumps can be a great deterrent to looters and raiders.

There range is limited and so is their fuel supply, but these can be over come when they are built in enough of a size.
in a nutshell these are base defensive weapons, and can be used in assault but are heavy and short ranged so best kept for teams with access to vehicles
and larger amounts of fuel.

The Fuel itself can be gas, liquid , and even solid, so long as it can be vaporised ( for instance solid wheat flour or coal dust works when combined with enough air)

Other uses of this would be in Fuel Air explosives
this in itself is a complex topic but can be achieved with little technology and is very effective

Hwacha and other weapons


Hwacha are the perfect force multiplier for base defense in a sub technology world
The television program MythBusters built and tested a hwacha and it worked very well – rockets are not the simplest technology to reproduce Post SHTF but then again with the right skill you might just come right

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hwacha

another Weapon that could be useful is a steam cannon

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holman_Projector

and the dread cannon centrifugal Launcher

http://strangengines.wordpress.com/category/centrifugal-guns/centrifugal-guns

another example from popular mechanics

Getting home After an Apocalypse event


Creativity will always set humans apart from animals

This article relates to every day carry (EDC) items and idea’s how you should use them.

Bag
Weather a plastic shopping bag folded up in your pocket, or a proper canvas sling bag. Every person should carry a bag. a laptop bag with wheels is actually one of the best options, as it looks innocuous , and can store many items and if it gets too heavy to carry it can be wheeled around.
If you look at footage from hurricane Katrina you will see most people that are walking are using bags like this with wheels, we should take note of this, when analyzing any human situation the general population will evolve the equipment they carry in line with what works, and soon disregard what does not.

plastic bags help with insulation and water proofing and carrying equipment and should not be under estimated you can even carry water in a humble plastic bag

Continue reading Getting home After an Apocalypse event

Aquaphonics for sustainable food sources


Learning how to grow your own food is the only sustainable way that you are going to survive in the long term should society collapse

one manner is via fish farming and aquaphonics

How-to-make-your-own-Aquaponics-System

diy-urban-bathtub-aquaponics-system

Of coarse you need an effective pump — PUMP ideas
one that can be made from scratch

also you can use a pipe and some rope in a loop – ROPE Pump and threading the rope through will cause watter to rise — nice thing is its very easy to improvise and can be powered with a VAWT wint turbine vawt savonius – they have high torque compared to other designs and are self breaking and can be made with very little knowhow.

Savonius_wind_turbine

Projectile Weapons – explosive impact fuses


Projectile Weapons – explosive impact fuses

Can be used for improvised mortar rounds Mortar rounds

Simple to construct and reasonably reliable …

“L” is the Lead disk that is cast with a pin inside ” N” is the cap (primer) and “F” is the pin —

The pin pushes through the Lead disk on setback from firing — arming the round

on impact the disk slides up with the pin into the primer firing the round

Simple and effective

Small engine Gasifier for the post apocalypse


Small engine Gasifier for the post apocalypse

Gasification was used in World war 2 to provide a petrol alternative to the taxi’s of London and Europe when petrol was unavailable.

Gasification is in its simplest form, a heating of carbon based materials ( wood, coal, charcoal) to produce gases, that will burn in an engine.

This can be accomplished by heating wood in a confined space and siphoning off the gases and piping them into an engine –

I am not sure this will work on a Diesel engine or a 2 stroke engine as they require different things to function effectively, than a 4 stroke Otto engine

With this in mind you should be able to create one with a little research, and i would suggest looking on-line for plans from FEMA

you then should have no issue generating electricity for some time after the fall of civilization.

Micro hydro water power


It occurred to me the other day that in a sustainable energy system the most expensive and nonrenewable part of any energy system is the batteries.
in the search to replace batteries as a power source i made a simple observation that hydro electric power can be scaled down to what ever size you can afford.
This led me to the thought that you could use water as a battery on a small scale>
Continue reading Micro hydro water power

Toilet paper after SHTF


luffa ; ) on a stick …. wash and reuse – roman style ; ) in the army you call toilet paper white gold for a reason ; )

Luffa are edible fruit of a vine that grows well in south african climates ¬†. and can be eaten while young or left on the vine to dry out to make Luffa sponges that can be used for all manner of things including to wipe your bum ūüėČ

they are renewable, disposable and bio-degradable

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luffa

http://www.luffa.info/luffagrowing.htm