Category Archives: Energy

Nuclear War and Pandemic Survival tips


First off

get a Gieger counter NOW …. you can get cheap ones that will do well enough that plug into the audio jack of a cell phone  .. and cost under $35.

Decide whether you will  bug in and convert a basement room into a bunker, or setup a bug out fall out shelter far from your home either way Continue reading Nuclear War and Pandemic Survival tips

Gel stoves to cook on when the power is out


Gel versus Paraffin
http://www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/07Lloyd%20Visagie%20fuels.pdf

gel stoves are less efficient and more expensive to run, but are less smelly, are less of a fire hazzard and quite low tech, the gel is easier to store and not as toxic as paraffin, and produces less soot, over all the use of gel is better and should be advocated over gas and paraffin for emergency short term cooking …
Continue reading Gel stoves to cook on when the power is out

Bug out food tubes – an alternative energy food


 

I bought some of these tubes the other day – wasn’t to sure what i would do with them but at R10 for 2 at the local Mr Price sport – cause they were “shop soiled” ( which was only the packaging i might add ) it seamed like a good buy.

Initially i had no idea what i might do with them but it dawned on me this morning, the ration bars I have posted on my blog before are not so great to eat because they are very dry and hard .. which in itself is good but with these tubes i though to make them easier to eat and more appetizing, the idea is to put the ingredients in the tubes dry, other than the honey, and add a little more powdered sugar to make up for this, then when needed open the clip, add warm/ hot water, enjoy, well at least thats the theory, will have to test and get back to you all.

I will see when I test, but the tubes may not be big enough for a full ration which wont help much.

The tubes also might work well for peanut butter which is very high in nutritional value – although I have read of people who use this for holding anything liquid having issues with the clips that break or leak , so I would stick to the dry stuff when on the move … 

Nitestik review


Nitestik site link

The other day I bought a “nitestik”, just for fun, but I think it may be useful in finding your BOB in the dark and as its actually bright enough to use as a low powered emergency light for illuminating a very dark space,(I have tested this and it works ok for the first hour or two .. then it isn’t much use cause it is too dull, but works fine just to find what ever is tied to it)

The nice thing is, nothing to break and its effectively solar powered,
now I’m not saying it is going to replace a torch just that it can provide a compact light that could help you in a tight situation, even if its just to find something tied to it, like your house keys.

It is a little over priced in my opinion , but with imported things our currency generally are

Micro hydro power systems


links to micro hydro generators


Micro hydro is a sustainable energy system that takes us back to the time of the water wheel —

Electric lighting is still the most efficient way to produce light, converting mechanical energy into light is one of the most important developments in human history, lengthening the time people can work , as there is light to work by, and effectively making us more efficient as a species.

Electrical lighting is safer than candles and provides a cleaner and more steady light and doesn’t burn anything, it is also available at the flick of a switch and from a distance, gas lighting and other methods of lighting have many flaws when compared to this .

If used for nothing other then lighting, electrical systems are a very good candidate for hydro power, as it is constant and predictable.

Hydro-power i.e water wheels should be used directly, with gearing, if mechanical energy is needed, (like to run a mill, or lath , or bellows for a forge) as losses in generators are quite large especially in improvised ones, unless power is needed far from water and then you have no choice but to run cables, and use generators. This should be avoided, if possible.

But it is my opinion that using water to power electrical lighting is the best way to do lighting

The new age of sail


please go and read this article i know its long but its relevant

I read this article some time back an found that the information was rather inspirational, a move towards sail powered craft with the knowledge of modern nautical maps and charts as well as combining this knowledge with something like the concrete submarine – or a ferro cement hull, and modern refrigeration, possible steam power , might be an option for a post SHTF scenario when the immediate danger has subsided and you need to find a way to feed yourself and your family … fish stocks in the ocean will soar without the fishing trawlers taking large numbers of fish…

Long term, fishing will be a real option .. and as most rivers lead to the ocean . a life there could be better over all rather then inland … of coarse living near the sea pre-SHTF is not necessarily wise with all the possible natural disasters that accompany it .

any way read the article it speaks for its self.

Improvised Jam Jar light bulbs


Jam Jar light bulbs
Electrical light bulbs were a great innovation simply because they provide light on demand and are safer than candles, they don’t smoke and provide light that doesn’t flicker, this is why they were such an innovation in their time.
Simple homemade light bulbs are useful if you have a source of electrical power, and can be made using a glass bottle or jar ( if using a bottle with a neck then you don’t even need a lid just enough wax to plug the neck ) , some steel wool – or thin wire ,some thicker insulated wire , a match or two and some wax to seal the holes
If using a jar,
Open the jar, make 2 holes in the lid , strip about half an inch or 1 cm of insulation off, of the thicker insulated wire, on each end of each wire , thread 2 of the thicker insulated wires through the holes and seal around them with wax –
Take some of the steel wool or really thin wire and link the two thicker wires that will meet inside the jar, experiment with this a little as to the number of these and the thickness that works best with the voltage you are using, I find 4 of about 1 inch long threads of steel wool, works well at 12 volts, they last about 2 hours, then burn out … this is expected, they don’t really last long., also making them into a coil makes them provide more light.
For bottle based bulbs just use the wax as a plug for the bulb .

Once done light a match and throw it into the jar. And screw the lid with the wires gently, but quickly, back on, the match will burn up all the oxygen inside the bulb and allow this bulb to work,
You should have a working bulb now – turn it on and experiment …
They don’t last long and don’t provide that much light but can help in a pinch

Hole in the ground bio gas generator


Works best on hot climates

Bio gas is usually methane that comes from rotting biological carbon based matter

An effective and simple bio gas generator can be made by getting a barrel and cutting the bottom open – (or if the barrel has no lid just turn it upside down)

if using this method there is no need to feed the digester or have a sludge outlet .. cause its setup to use batches.

but this pretty much sums it up

Plumb in some gas fittings with a tap to control the flow so that you can close them for the period needed to start the procedure

Dig a trench (the reason for the trench is to do more then one barrel at a time in the same area to provide enough gas and you can space them apart in time so that you always have some usable gas ) in the ground as big as you need to fit the barrel inside without touching the walls – and almost as deep as the barrel is high (don’t want the plumbing clogged with the slop) – the ditch or trench can be dug to include a number of barrels in a row, line the trench with clay , or plastic sheeting and fill with pig/chicken manure or any other material and water in a sloppy mixture about the consistency of loose oats porridge (experimentation gives results of what works and what doesn’t)

place the barrels open side down into the mixture with the taps open so as to form a seal with the slop,
and close the taps ( the weight of the barrel provides even pressure)

Continue reading Hole in the ground bio gas generator